I-Agile yokuVavanya i-Mindset kunye nendima ye-Agile Tester

Kwiqela le-Agile, abavavanyi kufuneka basebenzisane ngokusondeleyo nawo onke amanye amalungu eqela kunye nabachaphazelekayo kushishino. Oku kuneziphumo ezininzi ngokubhekisele kwizakhono umvavanyi ekufuneka enazo kunye nemisebenzi abayenzayo kwiqela le-Agile.



Uvavanyo lwe-Agile Mindset

Abavavanyi be-Agile kufuneka bahlukane nemigaqo kunye neendlela zokusebenza zophuhliso lwesoftware yemveli. Ukuze uphumelele njengoMvavanyi we-Agile, kufuneka ingqondo efanelekileyo.

I-Agile Testing Mindset, inokushwankathelwa ngemigaqo elishumi elinambini:


  • Uncedo loMgangatho ngaphaya Ukuqinisekisa umgangatho
  • Uvavanyo oluqhubekayo ngaphaya Ukuvavanywa Ekupheleni
  • Uxanduva lweQela kuMgangatho ngaphaya Uxanduva loMhloli
  • Indlela yeQela lonke ngaphaya Amasebe ovavanyo kunye noVavanyo oluZimeleyo
  • Ukujonga ngokuzenzekelayo ngaphaya Uvavanyo lokunyanzelwa kwesandla
  • Uvavanyo lobuchwephesha kunye ne-API ngaphaya Uvavanyo nje lwe-GUI
  • Uvavanyo lokuHlola ngaphaya Uvavanyo lweSkripthi
  • Amabali abasebenzisi kunye neemfuno zabaThengi ngaphaya Ukucaciswa kweMfuneko
  • Ukwakha eyona Software ngaphaya Ukophula iSoftware
  • Ukuzibandakanya kwangoko ngaphaya Ukubandakanyeka mva
  • Impendulo emfutshane yeNgxelo ngaphaya Ingxelo elityazisiweyo
  • Ukuthintela iziphene ngaphaya Ukufumana iziphene


Zeziphi izakhono ezivavanywa ngumvavanyi we-Agile?

Ukongeza kwizakhono ezifunekayo kumvavanyi osebenza kwiprojekthi yengxangxasi yemveli, umvavanyi kwiqela le-Agile kufuneka abe nakho ukuvavanya oomatshini abazenzekelayo, uphuhliso oluqhutywa luvavanyo, ukwamkelwa kovavanyo oluqhutywa luvavanyo, ibhokisi emhlophe, ibhokisi emnyama, kunye namava Uvavanyo olusekwe.

Njengoko iindlela ze-Agile zixhomekeke kakhulu kwintsebenziswano, unxibelelwano, kunye nokunxibelelana phakathi kwamalungu eqela kunye nabachaphazelekayo ngaphandle kweqela, abavavanyi kwiqela le-Agile kufuneka babe nezakhono zokunxibelelana. Abavavanyi kumaqela e-Agile kufuneka:


  • Yiba nethemba kwaye ujolise kwisisombululo kunye namalungu eqela kunye nabachaphazelekayo
  • Bonisa ukubaluleka, okujolise kumgangatho, ukucinga ngokungathandabuzekiyo malunga nemveliso
  • Ukufumana ulwazi ngokukuko kubachaphazelekayo (kunokuba uthembele ngokupheleleyo kulwazi olubhaliweyo)
  • Vavanya ngokuchanekileyo uxele iziphumo zovavanyo, inkqubela phambili yovavanyo kunye nomgangatho wemveliso
  • Sebenza ngokufanelekileyo ukuchaza amabali abasebenzisi anokuvavanywa, ngakumbi iikhrayitheriya zokwamkelwa, kunye nabameli babathengi kunye nabachaphazelekayo
  • Sebenzisana ngaphakathi kwiqela, nisebenza ngababini kunye neenkqubo kunye namanye amalungu eqela
  • Phendula kutshintsho ngokukhawuleza, kubandakanya ukutshintsha, ukongeza, okanye ukuphucula iimeko zovavanyo
  • Cwangcisa kwaye uququzelele owabo umsebenzi


Indima yoMvavanyi kwiqela le-Agile

Indima yomvavanyi kwiqela le-Agile ibandakanya imisebenzi evelisa kwaye inike ingxelo hayi kuphela kwimeko yovavanyo, inkqubela phambili yovavanyo, kunye nomgangatho wemveliso, kodwa nakwinkqubo esemgangathweni. Le misebenzi ibandakanya:



  • Ukuqonda, ukumilisela, kunye nokuhlaziya ifayile ye- Isicwangciso sovavanyo lwe-Agile
  • Sebenza kunye Abanini beMveliso Ukuchaza Iikhrayitheriya zokwamkela kunye nenkcazo eyenziwe.
  • Ukulinganisa kunye nokunika ingxelo ngovavanyo lwe-inshurensi kuyo yonke imilinganiselo esebenzayo
  • Ukuqinisekisa usetyenziso olufanelekileyo lwezixhobo zovavanyo
  • Ukuqwalasela, ukusebenzisa nokulawula iimeko zovavanyo kunye nedatha yovavanyo
  • Ukubhala kunye nokwenza uhlolo oluzenzekelayo kunye nokwenza ingxelo kwiqela
  • Ukunika ingxelo ngeziphene kunye nokusebenzisana neqela ukuzisombulula
  • Ukuqeqesha amanye amalungu eqela kwimiba efanelekileyo yovavanyo
  • Ukuqinisekisa ukuba imisebenzi yovavanyo efanelekileyo icwangcisiwe ngexesha lokukhutshwa kunye nokucwangciswa kokucwangciswa
  • Ukusebenzisana ngokubonakalayo nabaphuhlisi kunye nabathathi-nxaxheba kwishishini ukucacisa iimfuno, ngakumbi ngokubhekisele kuvavanyo, ukungqinelana kunye nokugqibelela
  • Ukuthatha inxaxheba ngokukuko kwiintlanganiso zokuma mihla le, iiseshoni zokuzilungisa amabali, ukujonga kwakhona kwiqela, ukucebisa kunye nokwenza uphuculo

Ngaphakathi kweqela le-Agile, ilungu ngalinye leqela linoxanduva lomgangatho wemveliso kwaye lidlala indima ekwenzeni imisebenzi enxulumene novavanyo.
Imibutho e-Agile inokuhlangabezana nemingcipheko enxulumene novavanyo:

  • Abavavanyi basebenza ngokusondeleyo kubaphuhlisi kangangokuba balahlekelwe sisimo sengqondo sokuvavanya esifanelekileyo
  • Abavavanyi bayanyamezelana okanye bathule malunga nokungasebenzi kakuhle, ukungasebenzi, okanye iindlela ezikumgangatho ophantsi kwiqela
  • Abavavanyi abanakho ukugcina isantya notshintsho olungenayo kulwaziso olunyanzeliswa lixesha


Ukuthatha inxaxheba kwimisebenzi yeSkram

Umvavanyi kwiprojekthi ye-Agile uyakusebenza ngokwahlukileyo kunomntu osebenza kwiprojekthi yesiko. Abavavanyi kufuneka baqonde amaxabiso kunye nemigaqo-siseko exhasa iiprojekthi ze-Agile, kunye nendlela abavavanyi abayinxalenye yeqela lesikram, kunye nabaphuhlisi kunye nabameli beshishini.

Amalungu kwiprojekthi ye-Agile ayanxibelelana kwangoko kwaye rhoqo, oko kunceda ekususeni iziphene kwangoko kunye nokuphuhlisa imveliso esemgangathweni.


Kubalulekile ukuba uqaphele ukuba abavavanyi kwiiprojekthi ze-Agile, musa ukujolisa ekuvavanyeni imveliso ukufumana i-bugs, endaweni yoko kugxilwe ikakhulu ekuphuculeni iinkqubo zokuthintela iziphene, kwaye abavavanyi badlala indima ebalulekileyo koku.

Apha, sijonga indlela abavavanyi be-Agile abanokongeza ngayo ixabiso kumanqanaba ngamanqanaba okuhanjiswa kwesoftware kuseto lwe-Agile.

Ukuchaza uMgangatho oPheleleyo

Abavavanyi bayabandakanyeka ekuchazeni umgangatho uphela kunye nendlela yokuvavanya ngakumbi ukongeza ixabiso kule misebenzi ilandelayo:

Imisebenzi yangaphambi kokuCwangciswa

Abavavanyi bayabandakanyeka kucwangciso lwangaphambi kokucwangciswa kunye neeseshoni zokulungisa amaBali kwaye ngakumbi ukongeza ixabiso kule misebenzi ilandelayo:


  • Ukuchaza amabali abasebenzisi anokuvavanywa, kubandakanya Inkqubo yokwamkelwa
  • Ukuchonga ukuvavanywa kwamabali abasebenzisi
  • Ukudala iimvavanyo zokwamkelwa kwamabali abasebenzisi
  • Ukuthatha inxaxheba kwiprojekthi kunye nohlalutyo lomngcipheko

Ukucwangciswa kweSprint

Abavavanyi bayabandakanyeka kwiintlanganiso zokucwangciswa kweSprint kwaye ngakumbi bongeza ixabiso kule misebenzi ilandelayo:

  • Ukucwangcisa uvavanyo lokukhutshwa
  • Ukuthatha inxaxheba kuhlalutyo lomngcipheko olunzulu lwamabali abasebenzisi
  • Ukudala iimvavanyo zokwamkelwa kwamabali abasebenzisi
  • Ukuchaza amanqanaba ovavanyo afanelekileyo
  • Ukwahlula amabali omsebenzisi kwimisebenzi (ngakumbi imisebenzi yovavanyo)
  • Ukulinganisa inzame yokuvavanya enxulunyaniswa namabali omsebenzisi nayo yonke imisebenzi yovavanyo
  • Ukuchonga izinto ezisebenzayo nezingasebenziyo zenkqubo eza kuvavanywa
  • Ukuxhasa nokuthatha inxaxheba kuvavanyo oluzenzekelayo kumanqanaba amaninzi ovavanyo

Ukuvavanya eSprint

Abavavanyi bayabandakanyeka ngexesha leSprint kwaye ngakumbi bongeza ixabiso kwezi zinto zilandelayo:

  • Ukwenza uVavanyo loPhononongo lweempawu ezintsha
  • Ukubhala iiMvavanyo zoLungiso oluzenzekelayo lweempawu ezintsha nezikhoyo
  • Ukudibanisa kunye nokuSebenza kovavanyo oluzenzekelayo kwiseva yeCI
  • Ingxelo ngokukhawuleza kwiqela xa kukho nayiphi na imiba
  • Ukuhlaziywa kovavanyo lokwamkelwa xa kucingelwa iimeko ezintsha