I-AT & T ikhuphe ulwazi olulahlekisayo kwiveki ephelileyo malunga nokuphathwa kwayo kwe-California kunye ne-apos;

Ukungathathi hlangothi ngumthetho wexesha lika-Obama elinyanzela i-ISPs kunye nababoneleli ngeengcingo ukuba baphathe yonke imijelo yomxholo ngokufanayo. Ngamanye amagama, inkampani ehambisa ividiyo kubabhalisi ayinakho ukuhlawula umntu othwala imali eyongezelelweyo ukuze imilambo yabo ithunyelwe kwinethiwekhi ekhawulezayo. Xa u-Ajit Pai wabizwa njengoSihlalo we-FCC ngu-Donald Trump ngo-2017, i-arhente yolawulo yavota ukususa ukungathathi cala kwiincwadi (amaRiphabhlikhi avotela ukususwa ngelixa iiDemokhrasi zivotela ukugcina imithetho ezincwadini. Uluntu, olwalufuna ukugcina umnatha. ukungathathi cala, yayikhathazekile kwaye amanye amazwe apasisa umthetho owenza ukuba ungathathi cala kumthetho kula mazwe.
Elinye lala mazwe lipasise umthetho wawo wokungathathi cala eCalifornia. Kwaye I-AT & T ngokucacileyo ayikhange ithethe nyani NgoLwesithathu odlulileyo (nge Inzukaby xa isithi umthetho weCalifornia & apos uyayithintela ekunikezeleni ngomxholo 'ongalinganiswanga' kubathengi abahambahambayo. Umxholo 'okalwe i-zero' awubali ngokuchasene nomrhumeli kunye ne-apos yekota yedatha yenyanga. Inyani yile yokuba phantsi komthetho welizwe laseCalifornia, umphathi ophetheyo angaqhubeka nokubonelela ngevidiyo yakhe, iHBO Max, kwisiseko 'esilinganiswe zero' ukuba nje inokwenza njalo kubo bonke abasasazi bevidiyo abakhuphisanayo. Kodwa kubonakala ngathi I-AT & T. wayengenamdla wokubonelela ngeenkonzo zokuhambisa ngakumbi kubathengi ngaphandle kokubala ngokuchasene neekhaphethi zabo zedatha. Endaweni yokuvumela abachasi be-HBO Max ukuba basasaze baye kubabhalisi be-AT & T ngaphandle kokuntywila kwiibhakethi zabo zedatha, i-AT & T igqibe kwelokuba ilahle yonke imixholo 'engalinganiswanga'.


I-AT & T ijikeleza iCalifornia & apos; umthetho wokungathathi cala ngendlela engalunganga


Kwingxelo yangoLwesithathu odlulileyo, umniki-nkonzo wesithathu ngobukhulu ngaphandle kwamacingo uthe, 'ICalifornia imise umthetho ongathathi cala kwezomthetho othintela ii-apos; idatha yedatha exhaswa' evumela iinkampani ukuba zihlawule, okanye zixhase, 'ukusetyenziswa kwedatha yabathengi babo. Ikwangabathengi be-AT & T abangenazingcingo. Ngelishwa, phantsi komthetho waseCalifornia ngoku asivumelekanga ukubonelela ngedatha ethile kubathengi ngaphandle kwentlawulo. ' Umphathi uqhubeke wathi ukusukela ukuba i-intanethi ayiyazi imida yelizwe, umthetho omtsha uthintela abasebenzisi be-AT & T kuwo onke amazwe ukuba bafumane imijelo 'engalinganiswanga'.

I-FCC circa 2017 xa ukungathathi cala komnatha kwathathwa kwiincwadi. USihlalo obambeleyo ngoku u-Jessica Rosenworcel usekhohlo-I-AT & T ikhuphe ulwazi olulahlekisayo kwiveki ephelileyo malunga nokuphathwa kwayo kwe-California kunye ne-apos;I-FCC circa 2017 xa ukungathathi cala komnatha kwathathwa kwiincwadi. Usihlalo obambeleyo ngoku nguJessica Rosenworcel ngasekhohlo
I-AT & T ikwatsho ukuba 'Ngaphambi komthetho waseCalifornia & rsquo; umthetho oxhaswe ngabathengi babekwazi ukukhangela, ukusasaza kunye nokonwabela usetyenziso kubaxhasi ngaphandle kokusebenzisa isibonelelo sedatha senyanga. Ababoneleli ngevidiyo ye-AT & T basebenzise idatha exhaswa ngemali ukubonelela ngeDatha yasimahla yeTV, ivumela abathengi ukuba basasaze iimovie zabo abazithandayo kunye nemiboniso ngaphezulu kwenkonzo yabo engenazingcingo ye-AT & T ngaphandle kokubala ngokuchasene nesicwangciso sedatha yabo engenazingcingo. Ukuhamba kwe-AT & T sekuyiminyaka kumenywe ngokungafihlisiyo kulo naliphi na iqumrhu ukuba libe ngumxhasi wedatha ongenazingcingo kwimigaqo neemeko ezifanayo. Ukusukela oko yaqala, inkonzo yethu yedatha exhaswa ngemali, kunye nokunikezela okukhuphisanayo kwabanye ababoneleli ngeengcingo, kuzise izibonelelo ezibalulekileyo kwaye kwagcina abathengi imali. Abathengi bakonwabele ukuqhuma kweenkonzo zokusasaza ividiyo. '

Unjingalwazi wezomthetho waseStanford uBarbara van Schewick, owayesebenza eCalifornia & apos ukukhusela umthetho 'wokungathathi cala', uxelele iArsTechnica ukuba 'umthetho weCalifornia & apos; umthetho wokungathathi cala kwezomthetho awuthinteli konke ukukala; iyazinqanda iifom zokuchasana nokhuphiswano. Umthetho uyayivala inkqubo ye-AT & T & apos; echasene nokhuphiswano apho ibala phantse yonke into eyenziwa ngabantu kwi-Intanethi, kubandakanya ukubukela iTwitch, iNetflix, kunye neekhamera zabo zokhuseleko lwasekhaya, ngokuchasene neekepisi zedatha zabasebenzisi, kodwa ayibali data kwi-AT & T & apos; Iinkonzo zevidiyo yakho. ' Eyona nto iphambili kukuba i-AT & T 'ayilinganisi-zero' ngeenkonzo zayo zokusasaza kwaye yenze okufanayo nakubanikezeli beenkonzo kwi-Intanethi abahlawula i-AT & T ngokutshintshiselana ngokunika usetyenziso oluthile 'zero-rating.' Into enomdla kukuba, xa i-ArsTechnia ibuza i-AT & T ukuba kutheni ingenawo nje umyinge wenqanaba lokusasaza njengoko kuvunyelwe phantsi kweCalifornia & apos; umthetho wokungathathi cala kwezomthetho, umphathi wenqabe ukuphendula.
I-AT & T isenokuba neempazamo xa isithi umthetho waseCalifornia uyayinyanzela ukuba icime idatha exhaswa kwamanye amazwe ngaphandle kweCalifornia. Kwinkundla emfutshane ebuyela kwi-2020, u-Attorney General u-Xavier Becerra wase-California uthe. Isicwangciso sokulinganiswa kwe-AT & T & apos ngoku sivumela abasebenzisi ukuba bavule kwaye bacime i-zero-rating yabo. Ke, ngokuchaseneyo ne-AT & T & apos; ibango, sele inamandla okucima i-zero-rating kubasebenzisi abakhethiweyo kwaye banokusebenzisa nje lo msebenzi ukukhubaza ukulinganiswa kwe-zero kubasebenzisi baseCalifornia. '
Le ayisiyo & apos; okokuqala ukuba i-AT & T ibanjiwe isophula imithetho yokungathathi cala. Ngo-2016, xa i-FCC yayilawulwa ziiDemokhrasi, i-FCC yathi, & apos; Inkqubo yeDatha exhaswayo iyazithanda kakhulu ii-AT & T & apos; umnikelo wevidiyo ngelixa ucalula ngokungenangqiqo ababoneleli abangahambelaniyo kunye nokunciphisa amandla abo okunikezela ngeenkonzo ezikhuphisanayo kwii-AT & T & apos; s ababhalisile bebhendi kwinqanaba lokudlala. ' Isigqibo sachithwa xa uPai ethatha ubunkokheli be-arhente kunyaka olandelayo.