Iingcebiso zokuZenzekelayo zovavanyo kunye neZenzo eziBalaseleyo

Uvavanyo oluzenzekelayo ngumsebenzi obalulekileyo wovavanyo ngexesha lokujikeleza kwesoftware kuba inokubonelela ngengxelo ekhawulezileyo kwiqela xa into entsha yenziwe.

Ikwasusa umthwalo kwiQA ukuphindaphinda usebenze kwakhona iimvavanyo ezigcina ixesha lokuba iQA ijolise kweminye imisebenzi yovavanyo.

Uvavanyo oluzenzekelayo, xa lwenziwe ngokuchanekileyo, lunokuba luncedo kwiqela. Iingcebiso ezingezantsi ziya kukunceda ufumane elona xabiso liphezulu kwinkqubo yovavanyo oluzenzekelayo kunye nomsebenzi kunye nokuphakamisa imigibe yokuphepha xa uqala ukwenza iimvavanyo zakho ngokuzenzekelayo.




Imanyuwali vs Ukuzenzekelayo-Ukuvavanywa kokujonga

Thintela ukuthelekisa phakathi kovavanyo lwencwadi kunye noomatshini. Zombini ziyafuneka njengoko nganye inenjongo eyahlukileyo. Uvavanyo oluzenzekelayo luyiseti yemiyalelo ebhalwe ngumntu ukwenza umsebenzi othile. Ngalo lonke ixesha kuqhutywa uvavanyo oluzenzekelayo, luya kulandela ngqo amanyathelo afanayo njengoko kuyalelwe kwaye ujonge kuphela izinto eziceliweyo ukuba zijongwe.

Kwelinye icala, ngexesha lokuvavanywa ngesandla, ingqondo yomvavanyi iyabandakanyeka kwaye inokubona okunye ukusilela kwinkqubo. Amanyathelo ovavanyo anokungabi njalo lonke ixesha, njengoko umvavanyi enokutshintsha ukuhamba ngexesha lovavanyo; oku kuyinyani ngakumbi kwimeko yovavanyo lokuhlola.




Ngokuzenzekelayo Uvavanyo loxinzelelo

Esona sizathu siphambili sokuba ufune ukwenza uvavanyo ngokuzenzekelayo Kukuba ufuna ukwenza uvavanyo ngokuphindaphindiweyo kuko konke ukukhutshwa okutsha. Ukuba uvavanyo kufuneka lwenziwe kube kanye, ke iinzame zokwenza uvavanyo ngokuzenzekelayo zinokugqwesa izibonelelo.

Uvavanyo lokunyanzeliswa kufuneka lwenziwe kaninzi njengoko isoftware ephantsi kovavanyo iguquka. Oku kunokuba lixesha elininzi kunye nomsebenzi odinisayo weQA kufuneka usebenze ukuvavanya kwakhona yonke imihla. Uvavanyo lokunyanzeliswa ngabagqatswa abalungileyo bovavanyo oluzenzekelayo.



Uvavanyo loyilo ngaphambi kokuzenzekelayo

Kuhlala kuyinto elungileyo ukwenza iimeko zovavanyo kunye nemeko ngaphambi kokuba uqalise ukuzenzekelayo. Luyilo lovavanyo olulungileyo olunokunceda ekuchongeni iziphene, iimvavanyo ezizenzekelayo zisebenzisa kuphela uyilo lovavanyo.

Umngcipheko wokutsiba ngqo kwi-automation kukuba unomdla kuphela ekwenzeni iskripthi ukuba sisebenze kwaye uhlala uhambisa kuphela iimeko ezilungileyo nezonwabisayo kunokuba ucinge ngezinye iimeko ezinokuthi zivavanywe.


Kwakhona, sukunciphisa umda wovavanyo ukuze wenze uvavanyo okanye usebenze.



Susa ukungaqiniseki kuvavanyo oluzenzekelayo

Elinye lawona manqaku aphambili kuvavanyo oluzenzekelayo kukukwazi ukunika iziphumo ezingqinelanayo ukuze siqiniseke ukuba kukho into engahambanga kakuhle xa uvavanyo lusilele.

Ukuba uvavanyo oluzenzekelayo ludlula kuhambo olunye kwaye lwasilela kugqatso olulandelayo, ngaphandle kotshintsho kwisoftware ephantsi kovavanyo, asinakuqiniseka ukuba ukusilela kungenxa yesicelo okanye kungenxa yezinye izinto, ezinje ngemicimbi yokuvavanywa kwemeko-bume okanye iingxaki ikhowudi yovavanyo uqobo.

Xa kukho ukusilela, kufuneka sihlalutye iziphumo ukuze sibone ukuba yintoni engahambanga kakuhle, kwaye xa sineziphumo ezininzi ezingangqinelaniyo okanye ezingezizo, sonyusa ixesha lokuhlalutya.


Musa ukoyika ukususa iimvavanyo ezingazinzanga kwiipakethe zokuhlengahlengisa; endaweni yoko, jolisa kwiziphumo ezihambelanayo nezicocekileyo onokuthembela kuzo.



Ukuphonononga iimvavanyo ezizenzekelayo zokuqinisekisa

Uya kothuka linani elipheleleyo leemvavanyo ezizenzekelayo eziphelelwe lixesha, sukujonga nje nantoni na okanye ungajongi kwezona ziqinisekiso zibalulekileyo!

Oku kunokuba luphawu lokutsiba ngqo kwi-automation ngaphandle kokuchitha ixesha elaneleyo ngaphambi kokucwangciswa kwinto ekufuneka yenziwe kunye nokuyila iimeko ezifanelekileyo zovavanyo.

Soloko unogxa wakho ophonononge iimvavanyo ezizenzekelayo zokuba semthethweni kunye nokuba sempilweni. Qinisekisa ukuba iimvavanyo zihlaziyiwe.




Sukuzenzekelayo ukuSebenza okungazinzanga

Njengoko into entsha okanye ukusebenza kuphuhliswa, izinto ezininzi zinokuhamba gwenxa kwaye inqaku lisenokungasasebenzi kuba ishishini litshintshe ingqondo.

Ukuba uqalise ukwenza iimvavanyo zokuzenzekelayo njengoko inqaku lisaphuhliswa, iimvavanyo kufuneka zihlaziywe amaxesha amaninzi njengoko inqaku liya liguquka kwaye kunokuba nzima ukuzama ukugcina lonke utshintsho. Kwaye ukuba inqaku alisasebenzi, wonke loo mzamo kuvavanyo lokuzenzekelayo luchithekile.

Ke ngoko, kuhlala kufanelekile ukuzenzekelayo xa sele uzinzisiwe kwaye ungaphantsi kotshintsho.



Musa ukuLindela uMlingo kuMatshini woVavanyo

Esona sizathu siphambili sovavanyo oluzenzekelayo kukukhulula ixesha le-QA lovavanyo olunomdla lokuhlola kunye nokunika ithemba kwiqela ukuba isicelo sisahleli kakuhle njengoko utshintsho olutsha luziswa.


Ungalindeli ukuba i-automation ifumane ezininzi iibhugi . Ngapha koko, inani leebugs ezifunyanwa zenzekelayo zihlala zingaphantsi kovavanyo lwencwadana kunye nokuhlola.



Sukuthembela ngokukodwa kuZenzekelayo-Lumkela ukuPhumelela iimvavanyo

Iimvavanyo zokuhlengahlengiswa okuzenzekelayo zinokunika imvakalelo yokuzithemba kwiqela kuba iimvavanyo zokuhlengahlengiswa kusafanele ukuba zidlule njengoko kusenziwa ukusebenza okutsha Iqela liqala ukuthembela kuvavanyo kwaye neseti elungileyo yovavanyo lokuphinda lisebenze linokusebenza njengomnatha wokhuseleko.

Nangona kunjalo, qaphela ukuba ayizizo zonke iimvavanyo ezizenzekelayo okanye ezinokuzenzekelayo, ke soloko uhamba neemvavanyo ezizenzekelayo kunye novavanyo lokuhlola.

Ngamanye amaxesha utshintsho kwisoftware kufuneka lusilele kuvavanyo; Nangona kunjalo, ukuba zonke iimvavanyo ziyadlula oko kuthetha ukuba isiphene siphosakele kwaye ngenxa yokuba bekungekho mntu ubizwayo ukuba athabathe amanyathelo, isiphene asiqaphelekanga.



Injongo yeNgxelo eKhawulezayo

Impendulo ekhawulezileyo yenye yeenjongo zovavanyo oluzenzekelayo kuba abaphuhlisi banomdla wokwazi ukuba into abayenzileyo iyasebenza kwaye ayikhange yaphule ukusebenza ngoku.

Ukuze ufumane lo mpendulo ukhawulezayo, iimvavanyo kufuneka zenziwe zodwa kwicandelo okanye kumaleko we-API ngaphandle kokuxhomekeka kwi-UI.

Uvavanyo oluqhutywa kwi-UI lucotha kakhulu kwaye luthambekele kwimpazamo ngenxa yotshintsho lwe-GUI. Ngamanye amagama, ukusebenza kuyasebenza njengoko bekulindelwe kodwa iimvavanyo ziyasilela ngenxa yotshintsho kwi-UI. Ke ngoko iimvavanyo zinokungathembeki.



Qonda umxholo

Uvavanyo lunokuzenzekelayo kulo naluphi na uluhlu, iCandelo, i-API, iNkonzo, i-GUI. Uluhlu ngalunye lusebenzela injongo eyahlukileyo yovavanyo.
Uvavanyo lweyunithi luqinisekisa ukuba ikhowudi isebenza kwinqanaba leklasi, ukuba iyaqulunqa kunye nengqiqo njengoko kulindelwe. Uvavanyo kolu luhlu kukuqinisekisa okungaphezulu kokuqinisekiswa.

Uvavanyo lwe-API okanye uVavanyo lokuHlanganisa luqinisekisa ukuba imisebenzi kunye neeklasi zinokusebenza kunye kwaye idatha inokugqithiswa ukusuka kwiklasi enye iye kwenye.

Uvavanyo lwe-GUI kwelinye icala ukuhamba komsebenzisi kunye nohambo. Ngokubanzi, ngekhe sivavanye ukusebenza kwi-UI. Oku kufuneka kwenziwe kumanqanaba asezantsi.

Eyona njongo iphambili yovavanyo lwe-UI kukuqinisekisa ukuba yonke inkqubo isebenza ngokweemeko ezithile zomsebenzisi kunye neemeko zokusebenzisa. Ukuvavanywa kolu luhlu kukuqinisekiswa ngakumbi kunokuba kungqinisisiwe

Kwinqanaba le-UI, senza iimeko ezizenzekelayo kunamabali.



Musa ukuZenzekelayo lonke uVavanyo

Ukuvavanywa kwe-100% yovavanyo akunakwenzeka kuba kunokubakho izigidi zokudityaniswa. Sisoloko senza iseti yovavanyo olunokwenzeka. Umgaqo ofanayo uyasebenza kuvavanyo oluzenzekelayo.

Ukwenza iskripthi esizenzekelayo, kufuna ixesha kunye nomzamo, kwaye sijolise 'kuZenzekelayo lonke uVavanyo', sifuna ubutyebi kunye nexesha elininzi, elingenakwenzeka kwiimeko ezininzi.

Endaweni yoko, sebenzisa indlela esekwe kumngcipheko ekuqinisekiseni ukuba loluphi uvavanyo olufanele ukwenziwa. Ukufumana elona xabiso liphezulu kwi-automation, yenza kuphela ezona meko zibalulekileyo zeshishini kunye nemeko.

Kwakhona, inani eliphezulu leemvavanyo ezizenzekelayo longeza iindleko zokugcina kwaye kunzima ukuligcina.

Elinye inqaku ekufuneka ulikhumbule kukuba ayizizo zonke iimvavanyo ezinokuzenzekelayo. Ezinye iimvavanyo zinzima kakhulu kwindalo kwaye zifuna ukujongwa kwenkqubo esezantsi kwaye zinokungangqinelani. Kule meko, kungcono ukushiya olu tshekisho kuvavanyo olwenziweyo.



Sebenzisa iiTekhnoloji zoVavanyo kuZenzekelayo kuvavanyo

Iindlela zovavanyo ozifundileyo kwi-ISTQB, ayizizo nje zovavanyo olwenziwayo. Ziyasebenza kuvavanyo oluzenzekelayo. Iitekhnoloji ezinje ngokuHlolwa kweXabiso leMida, ukwahlula ngokulingana, ukuVavanya ukuTshintshwa kukaRhulumente, ukuvavanywa ngambini kunokubonelela ngezibonelelo ezininzi kuvavanyo oluzenzekelayo.



Musa ukuZenzekelayo iiNgxabano

Ukufumana okona kuninzi kuvavanyo oluzenzekelayo, inkqubo elungileyo yeQA kufuneka ibekhona. Ukuba inkqubo ye-QA inesiphithiphithi kwaye songeza uvavanyo oluzenzekelayo kweso siphithiphithi, konke esikufumanayo sisiphithiphithi esikhawulezayo.

Zama ukuphendula imibuzo efana nale, Yintoni oza kuyenza, Ukwenza nini ngokuzenzekelayo Nini ukwenza iimvavanyo ezizenzekelayo, Ngubani oza kwenza iimvavanyo, Zeziphi izixhobo ekufuneka zisetyenziselwe uvavanyo oluzenzekelayo, njl.

Ezi ngcebiso ziqokelelwe ikakhulu kumava njengoMatshini oZenzekelayo kunye nezinye iindlela ezilungileyo ezilandelwa zezinye.

Ngaba unazo naziphi na iingcebiso zoVavanyo eziZenzekelayo zokongezwa kolu luhlu?